Kali Linux is a distributed Linux distribution developed on the basis of Debian Linux, and is one of the favorite distributions of hackers, attackers, and security professionals. This distribution is provided by the security company Offensive Security. Mati Aharon, Devon Kearns and Raphaël Hertzog are major developers of this distribution, which created the operating system with BackTrack rewrite. Kali Linux has collected the best tools for hacking and security together.
Tools include Armitage – a graphical tool for managing cybercrime attacks, nmap – a very powerful and versatile scanner port, Wireshark – network packet intelligence analyzer, John Ripper – a very popular cracker password, Aircrack-ng – a tool for testing penetration of wireless networks Burp Suite and OWASP ZAP both have security scanners for websites and a total of more than 300 useful tools, all of which are installed and ready to use.
Kali Linux can also be used on a hard drive, either as a live disk boot or on a flash drive. You can also install and use it in a virtual machine like VMWare. Kali Linux is a distribution distributed by Debian Linux, so most of the packages that you see in Kali are imported from Debian tanks. Kali Linux has been developed in a secure environment, meaning that only a few approved people can commit their packages and all of these packages are signed by the developer. Kali also has a modified kernel that is patched and developed for penetration and development.